countries to join hands to develop space instead of choosing between China and the US, especially because after the end of the Cold War, international space cooperation has increased.

In fact, the International Space Station launched in 1998 has been operating thanks to the cooperat

ion between the US, Russia, Japan, some European countries, Canada and Brazil. The four maj

or satellite positioning systems — GPS (US), Beidou (China), GLONASS (Russia) and Galileo (Europe) — may also comple

ment each other to provide the most accurate positioning services. And once China and the US engage in a major sp

ace project, many other countries will join in and thus take space exploration to a new stage.

Sino-US space cooperation will stimulate the development of relevant industries and bring tangible benefits to the people. Space explora

tion will set in motion a series of space industries such as manufacturing, agriculture, resources, e

ergy and tourism. These may become new sources of growth for the world economy, promote industrial techn

ologies, and help address some global challenges such as climate change and energy depletion.

And the new products and services so generated will improve people’s lives and contribute to social progress.